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Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Follow these links for the:

Definition of Child Trafficking Elements

  • A child – a person under the age of 18.
  • Is recruited, transported, harboured and received by force or not, by a third person or group of persons.
  • Movement may be either within the country or across borders.
  • Exploitation in the form of production of pornography or pornographic performances, use in armed conflicts, child labour and or procurement of child prostitution and forced marriages.

Aims of Human Trafficking (Women)
Women are trafficked for a number of immoral reasons including but not limited to:

  • Forced commercial sex
  • Commission of crimes including fraud
  • Forced marriages
  • Slavery to domestic work

Aims of Trafficking (Boys)
Young man or boys are being trafficked to be used amongst others:

  • Forced hard labour
  • Begging for cash on street corners
  • Forced into mechanic work
  • Coercion into committing crimes

Children likely at risk of being trafficked
Every child is at risk of becoming a victim of being trafficked but the following are mostly exposed to human trafficking:

  • Girls between the ages of 12 to 14
  • Boys between the ages of 11 – 13
  • Children who ran away from home
  • Homeless and thrown away children
  • Youth that ran away from rehabilitation centres
  • Youth that warms up to strangers
  • Youth willing to meet strangers from social networks e.g Whatsapp, skype, facebook or mxit

Hints for youth to identify a trafficker
A trafficker could be any person within the community or foreign national and they have the following methods to recruits and victims;

  • A promise of employment in a different city or foreign country
  • A sudden love affair with a stranger with a promise of lavish lifestyle
  • False advertisement for jobs in foreign countries especially as waitresses, maids or dancers in clubs
  • Offer of travel vouchers
  • A loan to entice victims to move overseas
  • A loan to purchase business merchandise from overseas i.e clothing and accessories

Methods used by traffickers in exercising control over their victims
The following is some of the tactics used by traffickers to control their victims once trafficked:

  • Force, rape, beatings, drugs usage during the early stages
  • Victims are coerced with threats of serious harm to families back home
  • Victims are made to believe that they will be arrested if they do not perform tasks
  • Traffickers may also take victims travelling papers to isolate or make travelling difficult

Hints on identifying traffickers by health care
More often the crime of trafficking in persons involves amongst others domestic violence, the following but not limited to, may be identified on a victim:

  • Poor physical and mental health condition
  • Language barriers if victim is international
  • Fear of health care workers
  • Fear to reveal the in depth situation when confronted by health care workers
  • The trafficking live in partner may offer to translate there – by giving distorted information

Few simple rules, you can prevent yourself from becoming a victim:

  • Be wary of strangers
  • Do not accept lifts from strangers
  • Do not arrange to physically meet ‘friends’ that you have met on mxit
  • Do not be tempted by a promise of jobs in host cities during the fifa 2010 world cup
  • Do not be tempted by promises of tickets for any of the world cup games
  • Always let an adult know your whereabouts during the school vacation
  • Do not walk, cycle, run, or jog alone – always be in a group